Volume 12

College Students’ Perceptions of Intentions to Use Condoms: A Look at Heterosexual Relationships and Gender Differences

Jennifer D. Young and Kali A. Clouette

A question raised by psychologists addresses the issue of contraceptive use and intentions to use condoms. It has been found that individuals in long-term relationships are less likely to use condoms than individuals in short-term or casual relationships. Examining this on a college campus, students at Framingham State College completed surveys about their contraceptive use and intentions. Participants also responded to questions about scenario characters’ intentions to use condoms. A series of t-tests and ANOVAs were computed to examine differences in intention to use condoms by men and women as well as perceived differences in intention to use condoms by length of relationships. Results did not indicate a perceived difference by the genders’ condom use. An interaction was found for the sex of the participants and the characters’ relationship length, indicating that men perceived higher intention to use condoms in the short-term relationship scenarios, but women perceived higher intention to use condoms in the long-term relationship scenarios. Findings are discussed relative to how perceived condom use could affect relationships.

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